The Impact of Homeownership on Family Health

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The National Association of Realtors recently released a study titled ‘Social Benefits of Homeownership and Stable Housing.’ The study confirmed a long-standing belief of most Americans:

全國房地產經紀人協會最近發布了一項名為“房屋擁有權和穩定住屋的社會福利”研究報告,證實了大多數美國人長期以來的信念:

“Owning a home embodies the promise of individual autonomy and is the aspiration of most American households. Homeownership allows households to accumulate wealth and social status, and is the basis for a number of positive social, economic, family and civic outcomes.”

“擁有自己的家體現了個人自主的承諾,是大多數美國家庭的願望。房屋擁有權使家庭能夠積累財富和社會地位,是影響積極的社會,經濟,家庭和公民成果的基礎。”

Today, we want to cover the section of the report that quoted several studies concentrating on the impact homeownership has on the health of family members. Here are some of the major findings on this issue revealed in the report:

今天,我們來看看報告中關於房屋所有權對家庭成員健康的影響,以下是報告中關於這個問題的主要發現:

  • There is a strong positive relationship between living in poor housing and a range of health problems, including respiratory conditions such as asthma, exposure to toxic substances, injuries and mental health. Homes of owners are generally in better condition than those of renters.
    生活在惡劣住屋環境和一系列健康問題之間有強烈的影響,包括呼吸道疾病,如哮喘,接觸有毒物質,受傷和精神健康。屋主的房屋通常比租屋者的環境良好。
  • Findings reveal that increases in housing wealth were associated with better health outcomes for homeowners.
    調查結果表明,屋主的房屋財富增加與健康狀況更好成正比關係。
  • Low-income people who recently became homeowners reported higher life satisfaction, higher self-esteem, and higher perceived control over their lives.
    最近成為屋主的低收入者報告生活滿意度提高,自尊和對生活控制也相對提高。
  • Homeowners report higher self-esteem and happiness than renters. For example, homeowners are more likely to believe that they can do things as well as anyone else, and they report higher self-ratings on their physical health even after controlling for age and socioeconomic factors.
    屋主比租房者有更高的自尊和快樂。舉例說明,屋主更可能相信他們可以做任何其他人可做到的事情,並且有更高的自我評價與身體健康,即使受到了年齡和社會經濟因素的控制。
  • Renters who become homeowners not only experience a significant increase in housing satisfaction but also obtain a higher satisfaction even in the same home in which they resided as renters.
    成為屋主的租屋者不僅體驗到住房滿意度的顯著增加,即使在他們是租屋者所居住的同一房屋中也獲得更高的滿意度。
  • Social mobility variables, such as the family financial situation and housing tenure during childhood and adulthood, impacted one’s self-rated health.
    社會流動變量,例如家庭財政狀況和兒童期和成年期間的住房保有權,皆影響健康。
  • Homeowners have a significant health advantage over renters, on average. Homeowners are 2.5 percent more likely to have good health. When adjusting for an array of demographic, socioeconomic, and housing–related characteristics, the homeowner advantage is even larger at 3.1 percent.
    平均來說,屋主比租屋者有顯著的健康優勢,屋主健康狀況較好2.5%。當調整人口,社會經濟和住房相關特徵時,屋主的健康優勢甚至更大,為3.1%。

Bottom Line
結論

People often talk about the financial benefits of homeownership. As we can see, there are also social benefits of owning your own home.

人們經常談論房屋所有權的經濟利益,我們可以看到,擁有自己的家也有社會利益。

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